All personnel have the legal right to know the hazards involved when working with chemicals. They also have the responsibility to follow all applicable regulations during and after the use of chemicals. OSHA regulates how to work safely with chemicals and EPA regulates the use and disposal of these chemicals. The State of Florida adopted the OSHA and EPA regulations as the "Florida Right to Know" Law (FS Chapter 442: Occupational Safety and Health) and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA 40 CFR part 261-268). The regulatory agencies are the Florida Department of Labor and Employment Security-Division of Safety (DLES) and the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (DEP).
All personnel have the legal right to know the hazards involved when working with chemicals. They also have the responsibility to follow all applicable regulations during and after the use of chemicals. This manual and training have been prepared to outline the basic requirements established by two federal agencies, OSHA and EP A. OSHA regulates how to work safely with chemicals and EPA regulates the use and disposal of these chemicals.
The State of Florida adopted the OSHA and EP A regulations as the "Florida Right to Know" Law (FS Chapter 442: Occupational Safety and Health) and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA 40 CFR part 261-268). The regulatory agencies are the Department of Labor and Employment Security-Division of Safety (DLES) and the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP).
Material Safety Data Sheets – MSDS – are chemical information sheets. They give basic information about a product’s content, potential hazards and physical characteristics as well as providing information necessary to allow the product to be used safely.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200) requires manufacturers or distributors of hazardous materials to assess the physical and health hazards of chemicals or products and provide that information in a MSDS. The MSDS must be forwarded to the purchaser with the initial shipment of each product free of charge. MSDS are not required to have a specific format but must contain the same basic information.
OSHA requires that MSDS be available for every chemical used in the workplace for employees to view during their work shift.
The following example is based upon the OSHA recommended MSDS format (Form #174) and explains each section of the MSDS. It may be helpful to refer to one of the MSDS in your area as you review this information.
This line will give the name of the product as it is listed on the product label to allow you to easily match the appropriate MSDS to the product.
This section provides the name and address of the manufacturer as well as a telephone number to be used to obtain product information and a telephone number to be used for emergency information.
A date of preparation appears on each sheet to allow the user to be sure they have the most current information.
This section contains:
This section outlines the physical properties of the material. This information may be used to determine conditions that may enhance exposure potential.
This section includes information concerning the flammability of the material and information for fighting fires involving the product.
This section includes information regarding the stability of the material and special storage or use recommendations.
This section indicates the medical signs and symptoms that may be encountered with overexposure to this product or its components. Health hazard information may also distinguish the effects of acute (short term) and chronic (long-term) exposure.
Routes of Entry:
Health Hazards: Identification of target organs or systems that may be adversely affected by overexposure
Carcinogenicity: Substances which are suspected or known to cause cancer in humans. See the carcinogen listing on the EHS web page.
Signs and Symptoms of Exposure: Identification of the outward appearance or feel of overexposure.
Medical conditions generally aggravated by exposure: Medical conditions that may be aggravated by normal exposure or overexposure.
Emergency and First Aid Procedures: Recommended emergency and first aid procedures based on the toxicity of the product, degree of exposure and route of contact.
This section provides general information for safe handling and use. Local regulations must also be taken into consideration in dealing with spills and waste disposal.
This section includes general information about appropriate personal protective equipment for handling this material. Many times, this section is written for large scale use of the material. Consider the amount and use of a material in choosing the right personal protective equipment for assistance in determining the appropriate personal protective equipment necessary in your situation.)